Messages from Pastor Raddatz

March 20, 2022, Mount Olive Lutheran Church Houston TX. Sermon Series from CPH authored by Dr. Reed Lessing, Witnesses


John 18:12–27, (ESV) 12 So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him. 13 First they led him to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 14 It was Caiaphas who had advised the Jews that it would be expedient that one man should die for the people.

Peter Denies Jesus

15 Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he entered with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest, 16 but Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the servant girl who kept watch at the door, and brought Peter in. 17 The servant girl at the door said to Peter, “You also are not one of this man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.”


Unlike Mark 14:72 and Luke 22:62, John says nothing about Peter’s emotions after the rooster crows. In fact, except for his remark that Pilate was afraid (John 19:8), John doesn’t mention people’s emotions in chapters 18–19. His focus is on the facts, on history, on the truth. It follows that all we get at the end of Peter’s denials are these words: “A rooster crowed” (John 18:27). This implies that Peter’s denials ended between 3:00 and 5:00 a.m.

John strategically sandwiches Peter’s denials between Christ’s trial before Annas. In AD 6, the Roman prefect Quirinius appointed Annas to serve as high priest. He was deposed by Valerius Gratus in AD 15. His five sons all eventually served as high priests. Annas was the father-in-law of Caiaphas. As Jesus stands up to Annas and Caiaphas, Peter caves in.

Yet all is not lost. John intentionally employs the charcoal fire in both John 18:18 and 21:9 to connect Peter’s three denials with Christ’s gracious threefold reinstatement. The Savior’s final word? Grace. Grace for Peter. Grace for us.

Sermon Resources

Augustine writes:

The temptation of Peter, which took place during the time that the Lord was enduring these injuries, is not placed by all Evangelists in the same order. Matthew and Mark first narrate the injuries inflicted on the Lord and then this temptation of Peter. Luke first describes Peter’s temptation, and only after this does he record the reproaches borne by the Lord. John begins with Peter’s temptation but then introduces some verses that record what the Lord had to bear, appending the statement that the Lord was sent away from Annas to Caiaphas the high priest, and then at this point he resumes and sums up what he had been relating about Peter’s temptation in the house to which Jesus was first conducted. (Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, John 11–21, 275)

Guilt is the Colonel Klink of the Bible. Remember Klink on the TV show Hogan’s HeroesKlink thought he ran a German prisoner of war camp during World War II. Those inside the camp, however, knew better. They knew that Colonel Hogan really ran the camp. Klink may have postured and preened, but Hogan had the power.

Just so, guilt may posture and preen with all of its venom, but God, our God, has the power—all the power. Yes, guilt gets a word. But guilt doesn’t get the last word. Jesus does, and that word is grace.


He was a professional thief. His name evoked fear throughout the Wild West. He terrorized the Wells Fargo stagecoach line—roaring like a tornado and spooking the most rugged cowboys. During his reign of terror, from 1875 to 1883, he stole hundreds of thousands of dollars. No victim ever saw him. No artist ever sketched him. No sheriff could ever track his trail. His name? Black Bart.

John introduces another Black Bart. If you’ve ever felt shame and disgrace, it was his whisper that crushed your heart. If you’ve ever felt alone and abandoned, it was all according to his plan. If you’ve ever felt useless and no good, it was his accusing finger in your face. He doesn’t just want your money. This Black Bart comes to kill, steal, and destroy everything.

What’s his name? Guilt! Maybe there’s someone on the planet who hasn’t known guilt, a quagmire of remorse, an ongoing note to self, “You’re worthless.” But I’ve never met that person. What sucked you under? A one-night stand? A backstreet brawl? Did you take something that wasn’t yours? Or maybe your guilt isn’t the result of a moment but of a season in life. You failed as a parent. You blew it in your career. You squandered your youth or your money—or both. The result? Guilt!

We’re in a series called Witnesses to Christ. Today, we meet Peter. Peter is in the courtyard of a high priest named Caiaphas. In that courtyard, we see guilt—Peter’s guilt and our own. Beyond the courtyard, we see grace—grace for Peter and grace for us!

To get some context, we rewind the tape and go back to Gethsemane, where we hear the claim. “Peter said to Him, ‘Lord, why can I not follow You now? I will lay down my life for You’” (John 13:37). Jesus and Peter had been through so much together. Three years earlier, Jesus was walking on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee. Jesus sees Peter fishing with his brother Andrew and calls them to follow: “I will make you fishers of men” (Matthew 4:19). One day, about a year later, Peter follows Jesus out onto the Sea of Galilee during a huge storm. Peter walks on the water, but then he begins to sink. Jesus immediately reaches out His hand, takes hold of Peter, and saves him.

At one point, Peter says to Jesus, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life” (John 6:68). At another point, Jesus takes Peter—along with James and John—to see His glory on the Mount of Transfiguration. Then Jesus invites this same trio to witness His agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. No wonder Peter makes the claim, “I will lay down my life for You.”

We’ve all made that claim. When we got confirmed, “Do you intend to live according to the Word of God, and in faith, word, and deed remain true to Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, even to death?” And we said, “I do!” “Will you take this man to be your wedded husband?” And you women said, “I do!” “Will you take this woman to be your wedded wife?” And we men said, “I do!” The claim. The claim? The claim! That’s easy!

As the events in the courtyard unfold, it’s like watching cracks in a house’s foundation slowly spread. A servant girl comes up to Peter and says, “‘You also are not one of this man’s disciples, are you?’ He said, ‘I am not’” (John 18:17). The first crack.

Peter then stands by a fire to keep warm. Some bystanders say to him, “You also are not one of His disciples, are you? He denied it and said, ‘I am not’” (John 18:25). The second crack. When there are enough cracks, there will always be a collapse! Always!

Here it is. “One of Malchus’s relatives spots Peter and asks, ‘Did I not see you in the garden with Him?’” (John 18:26). “Peter again denied it, and at once a rooster crowed” (John 18:27). Let those three words sink in: “A rooster crowed.” The result? Guilt!

For us, the collapse happens when we say, “Just one more drink,” “just one more lie,” “just one more fling,” or “just one more look.” Crack. Crack. Crack. But one more leads to one more, and then just one more. When there are enough cracks, there will always be a collapse! Always! Then what? Enter the G-word. The G-word? Guilt!


 Who loves leftovers? Not me! After our last child, Lori Beth, left for college, it became difficult to fix a meal that didn’t leave us with leftovers. For almost twenty years, we enjoyed a meal that included our three children. But, after the children abandoned ship, our refrigerator became filled with lots of leftovers!

One time, my wife fixed chicken. I love chicken! But then we had chicken sandwiches, chicken soup, and chicken casserole. Soon chicken started showing up in soufflés, sauces, and salads. I even had chicken in some of my snacks. I began having nightmares in which I was being chased by a six-hundred-pound chicken!

Peter, after the rooster crowed, felt like a leftover—a has-been, marginalized, left out, rejected. Forgotten in the back of the refrigerator. That’s what guilt does to us. Guilt turns us into miserable, weary, angry, duplicitous, stressed-out people. Who loves leftovers? God does! And God gives grace. Grace? Did someone say grace?

How does that happen? Fast-forward to John 21, where Jesus asks Peter if Peter loves Him. Jesus asks the question three times—once for every time Peter had denied his Lord. And each time Peter confesses, “Yes, Lord; You know that I love You.” Peter confessed his guilt. What gave him the faith to do that? While Peter was denying Jesus, Jesus was suffering for Peter.

Jesus doesn’t wait until we get it all together. Jesus doesn’t wait until we overcome our temptations, fight our demons, and conquer our sin. “God shows His love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8). In our courtyard, we see guilt. Beyond the courtyard—at the cross—we see grace. And grace means what?

The comeback! Who preaches the sermon on Pentecost? Peter. Whose sermon converts three thousand people? Peter’s. Who writes two books in the New Testament? Peter. Listen closely. Comebacks don’t depend on how much we love Jesus. Comebacks depend on how much Jesus loves us. Comebacks don’t depend on what we do for Jesus. Comebacks depend on what Jesus does for us. Comebacks don’t depend on us giving our life for Jesus. Comebacks depend on Jesus giving His life for us.


Remember Black Bart? He was finally nothing to be afraid of. When the authorities tracked him down, they didn’t find a bloodthirsty bandit. They found a mild-tempered businessman from Decatur, Illinois. The man pictured storming through the Wild West on his horse was so afraid of riding horses that he rode around in a horse-drawn buggy. Black Bart was Charles Boles—the bandit who never once fired a bullet, because he never once loaded his gun!

See guilt for who he really is. A deadly monster? You bet. A painful feeling that can do great harm? No doubt. The tormentor of our souls? Count on it. But also count on this—guilt is a defeated enemy who has no bullets left in his gun.

What’s that mean for us? Our story isn’t over when Jesus is in it. Isn’t that great? We can all come back from guilt. How? The best G-word of all. Grace. Amen.


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